Ella (ella_p) wrote,

"Дискреция под давлением" по-английски

Paneyakh 2016. The Practical Logic of Judicial Decision Making: Discretion Under Pressure and Compromises at the Expense of the Defendant. Russian Politics and Law, vol. 54, nos. 2–3, 2016, pp. 138–163

Russian judges operate under high pressure resulting from structural limitations imposed by internal bureaucracy of the judicial system,combined with institutionalized interdependence with procuracy and lawenforcementagencies,wheretheformerhaveupperhandoverthe judiciary. In the absence of transparency and mechanisms for public or professional accountability, judges engage into opportunisticbehavior seeking satisfactory performance indicators, avoidingconflicts with law enforcement bodies, and economizing their owneffort and time. This results in an accusatorial bias in Russian courts:they acquit not more than 1 out of 500 defendants. Within thesestructural limitations, though, the judges look for the opportunities toexercisesomedegreeofjudicialdiscretiontoavoidunnecessaryharmto the defendants who might be prosecuted unfairly, or investigated negligently. Where possible, they use termination of the cases ongrounds of active repentance or reconciliation with the victim, and suspended sentences (probation) as substitutes for acquittals.

На Академии нужна регистрация; если ее у вас нет, а статью прочитать хочется, то пришлите мне свой е-мейл в личку.

  • Post a new comment


    default userpic

    Your reply will be screened

    Your IP address will be recorded 

    When you submit the form an invisible reCAPTCHA check will be performed.
    You must follow the Privacy Policy and Google Terms of use.